What Causes Juvenile Delinquency in the Philippines? (2023)

The Philippines, like any other country, suffers from a plethora of social issues perpetuated by poverty and the inability to bridge the gap between social ranks. From the lack of access to good education to widespread unemployment, there are numerous reasons why crime rates continue to fluctuate year after year. One of the most pressing issues in the Philippines, however, is the issue of juvenile delinquency. The number of juvenile delinquents documented each year has been attributed to poverty, but advocates and pundits claim that the problem lies largely in the failure of the State to properly deal with the so-called “children in conflict with the law” (CICL). In this article, we will discuss what juvenile delinquency is in the Philippines, what the possible causes are, and how the law sees incidences of juvenile delinquency.

What Is Juvenile Delinquency in the Philippines?

Juvenile delinquency refers to criminal acts performed by children under the age of 18. According to statistics released by the Philippine National Police from 2012 to 2015, about 60 percent of juvenile crimes fall under crimes against property. These include theft, robbery, malicious mischief and estafa, statistics by the PNP from 2012 to 2015 revealed.

On the other hand, crimes against persons, which include rape, attempted rape, acts of lasciviousness, physical injuries, murder, attempted murder, seduction, grave threats, abduction, and homicide, constitute 36 percent of the crimes committed by children covering the same period.

The last 4 percent of crimes committed by children in the Philippines from 2012 to 2015 involved violations of special laws, such as Republic Act (RA) 9165 (prohibited drugs), Presidential Decree 1866 (illegal possession of firearms) and Presidential Decree 1602 (illegal gambling).

While children and teenagers primarily figured in petty crimes, youth offenders are allegedly getting younger and bolder. Some children are now figuring in heinous crimes that would send them to jail for life. In 2015, theft, physical injury and rape were the top 3 crimes committed by children. Theft cases recorded in 2015 reached 3,715, while physical-injury cases totaled 1,859. Rape cases involving child perpetrators reached 642.

While the number of juvenile delinquents in the Philippines is astounding, laws protect them from being put on trial as adults. The State and laws put in place prioritize their welfare, rehabilitation, and reintegration into society, allowing CICLs to improve their lives after the crimes they’ve committed in the past.

However, while the laws of the land aim to protect these children, the rehabilitation programs remain wanting, with some reformative aspects of the Philippine Juvenile Justice Law not being implemented well due to a lack of financial support from the government or the absence of housing programs that should be designed for their welfare during their supposed trials. Unfortunately, these not only affect the success of rehabilitation, but also exposes children to the risk of abuses within the system.

What Are the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency in the Philippines?

The causes of Philippine juvenile delinquency can be attributed to a plethora of issues in society, with the authorities pointing to poverty as the driving factor in pushing children to commit crimes. With a large percentage of juvenile delinquencies consisting of theft and robbery, this assumption may not be far from the truth. However, there are other possible causes that may also influence children into committing crimes, including:

(Video) Bandila: Lowering age of criminal liability imperils youth offenders' future, expert says

Abuse and Trauma

A number of children in the Philippines are subjected to psychological and physical abuse in their own households. The psychological effect of these abuses not only causes near-irreversible trauma, but also increases the risk of criminal behavior in later life. Studies show that child maltreatment can double the chance that a child may become a delinquent during their adolescent stage and up to adulthood.

Criminal Imitation

A significant percentage of children in the Philippines grow up in environments where they are exposed to crime and misdemeanors. Children are highly impressionable, which may lead them to recreate the criminal doings that they’ve either experienced or seen. This is highly observable in marginalized communities, where children may be exposed to crime and misdemeanors at a young age, offering a perspective that it is either normal or excusable.

Syndicate Activities

One of the possible causes of juvenile delinquency in the Philippines is the machinations of syndicates all over the country. Recent reports show that syndicates operating in the Philippines are taking advantage of the statutes of juvenile justice. Syndicates use minors as implements and shields to perpetrate crime, making them more susceptible to being used by criminals to further their operations.

Lack of Access to Proper Education

Some juvenile delinquents in the Philippines fall at school age range, with most of them not having access to traditional education due to financial constraints or family issues. Formal education not only equips children with essential skills that they can bring into adulthood, but it also gives them priceless information about their actions’ potential consequences. According to studies, the higher the educational attainment that a child has access to, the lower their desire to take part in criminal activities. However, due to the inability of marginalized youth to be educated and given proper exposure to moral guidance, some children are pushed into a life of crime.

Extensive Access to Technology

Technological know-how had opened doors for these children to be better acquainted with the world around them. According to the explanatory note of the HB 922 of Party-list Reps. Irwin C. Tieng, Mariano Michael M. Velarde Jr. and Jose L. Atienza Jr., “The massive influence of modern communication has brought minors immense awareness of their surroundings,” the Explanatory Note further added. “Minors these days are more mature, and their perspective in life has greatly improved as compared to minors 10 years ago. Accordingly, it is but timely to have our laws reviewed to adapt to the demands of the times.”

The Nature of Juvenile Delinquency and Rehabilitation in the Philippines

Juvenile Justice in the Philippines is dictated by Republic Act No. 9344, with a specific focus on the stages involving “children at risk and children in conflict with the law, from prevention to rehabilitation and reintegration.” It covers children who have been accused or charged with a crime, allowing them to be separated from hardened criminals and adult offenders when institutionalized after arrest. This law presents Juvenile Justice as a structure that helps support minors when they go into conflict with the law. These include proceedings that are age-appropriate for children as well as programs and rehabilitation institutions primarily designed to help CICLs to reintegrate themselves into society after a probationary period.

This Republic Act was passed as an effort to improve the conditions of children in detention. According to UNICEF, this legislative breakthrough that was passed in 2006 “was a landmark that gave many children around the Philippines a new lease on life.” Before this law passed, thousands of children were exposed to subhuman conditions and were at high risk of abuse as they were mixed with adult criminals. Not only were they at risk of suffering from health conditions, such as tuberculosis, HIV, and pneumonia, but they also suffer from scarce food supplies and were at high risk of suffering from both sexual and physical abuse while in detention. Party-list Reps. Irwin C. Tieng, Mariano Michael M. Velarde Jr. and Jose L. Atienza Jr.republi

Republic Act No. 9344 indicates that children under 15 years of age cannot be held criminally liable, while children between 15 and 18 need to undergo intervention and rehabilitation after committing a crime.

(Video) Vlog - A Contemporary Issue in the Philippines: Juvenile Delinquency

The Juvenile Justice System in the Philippines Leads to Poor Reintegration

While the law was designed to offer CICLs with much-needed support and restorative programs, it cannot be said that it is being enacted by the authorities and the rehabilitation institutions. According to a leftist group, Karapatan, CICLs are prone to human rights abuses. In fact, even before a court of law finds them guilty of a crime, they already end up in juvenile facilities or, worse, detention where they suffer psychological and emotional trauma as adult criminal offenders do while in detention.

In addition, DSWD facilities that operate primarily for CICLs do not get enough support to offer adequate therapy and psychosocial assistance to support Juvenile Justice in the Philippines. According to Secretary-General of Karapatan, Cristina Palabay, “Children in conflict with the law often end up behind bars like common criminals even inside facilities run by the DSWD or LGUs.” In some instances, due to the lack of proper infrastructures for children, the authorities are forced to mix CICLs with adults, with girls being held in the same cells as women.

The lack of adequate support and specialized facilities have made rehabilitation and reintegration for CICLs more challenging, with the authorities not being able to handle a number of CICLs due to the lack of funds and the absence of a clear system.

According to the US State Department’s 2011 Country Report on Human Rights Practices, “From January to November [2011], Bureau of Jail Management and Penology [BJMP] and Philippine National Police [PNP] jails held 66,825 prisoners, 95 percent of whom were pretrial detainees. The remainder had been convicted of various crimes. Of the total number of prisoners and detainees, 6,107 were adult women and 501 were minors. During the same period, the BJMP released 104 minor inmates, usually in response to a court order following a petition by the Public Attorney’s Office (PAO) or the inmate’s private lawyer or through NGO-led appeals.”

Bahay Pag-Asa and Molave Center for Youth Offenders

Fortunately, moves have been made to improve the Juvenile Justice System in the Philippines, with former Interior Secretary Mel Senen Sarmiento calling to LGUs to improve their juvenile integration programs. Together with this call, the Juvenile Justice Welfare Council released guidelines for local government units to follow to develop a Comprehensive Local Juvenile Intervention Program (CLJIP). These guidelines include budget allocation, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of the CLJIP.

In addition, under the law, LGUs were required to put up and manage intervention and support centers called the “Bahay Pag-asa.” These are 24-hour child-caring institutions established, funded, and managed to provide residential care for children in conflict with the law. CICLs who are at least 12 years old can be committed to these youth-care facilities where they can be cared for and monitored by licensed professionals and individuals.

For example, Quezon city, which is one of the most progressive cities in the Philippine, has its Molave Youth Home as a way to support Juvenile Justice in the Philippines. The facility is located at the Social Services Development Department (SSDD) building behind the City Hall. Molave provides temporary custody and care to youth offenders between 9 and 17 while undergoing trial.

A 2005 Gawad Galing Pook awards for pioneering work in the rehabilitation of youth offenders, as well as their reintegration to society, Molave is being run and managed by the city’s SSDD. At Molave, youth offenders get the chance to make the most of their life while waiting for the judge’s verdict.

(Video) Pros & Cons - Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act

While the system is far from being perfect today, moves are now being implemented to improve how CICLs are being handled to achieve maximum rehabilitation and reintegration back into their family units and into society.

How the Law Has Failed in Youth Crimes and Exacting Juvenile Justice

In the Philippines it is not the first time that a teenager has committed heinous crimes. Youth offenders are becoming braver and delving into more serious crimes. From petty street crimes, they are now figuring in heinous crimes that would send them to jail for life, or worse, join the death row in the absence of the Juvenile Justice law; the implementation of which is now also being considered by some lawmakers to deter the commission of drug-related heinous crimes.

But children at risk or children in conflict with the law are more vulnerable to human-rights abuse. Hence, they need effective intervention to correct their behavior.

The law, however, seemed to fail in curbing the number of children getting involved in crimes. Worse, those involved in petty and even serious crimes are getting younger and younger, some committing crimes like robbery-holdup, murder, illegal drug use and peddling, prompting some lawmaker to think about lowering the age of criminal responsibility.

Talks About Lowering the Age of Criminal Liability Put Forward

In recent years, the talks about lowering the age of criminal liability to 12 years old have been put forward in a move to “teach them to understand responsibility.” In 2016, Former House Speaker Pantaleon D. Alvarez and Rep. Fredenil H. Castro of the Second District of Capiz filed House Bill (HB) 002 in the newly opened 17th Congress.

Dubbed “An Act Amending Republic Act 9344, As Amended by Republic Act 10630, and Reverting the Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility from 15 Years Old to 9 Years Old,” the amendment seeks to lower criminal liability from the current 15 years old to 9 years old.

Both representatives explained the “necessity” of such an amendment in their Declaration of Policy:

“It is the policy of the state to ensure that the Filipino youth shall be taught to accept responsibility for their words and deeds as early as possible, and not to unduly pamper them with impunity from the criminal responsibility upon reaching the age of 9 years.”

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The authors of the bill were particularly concerned about juvenile delinquents in the Philippines being used by syndicates in the commission of a crime, namely, drug trafficking.

The same was clarified and reinforced in their Explanatory Note: “While the intent of protection of the Filipino youth may be highly laudable, its effects have had the opposite effects—the pampering of youthful offenders who commit crimes knowing they can get away with it.”

With this reform, juvenile delinquents in the Philippines can be put on trial for crimes they’ve committed and convicted as adults. Proponents of this reform have cited the fact that syndicates and criminals have learned to exploit young children in the drug trade and syndicate operations.

However, this was met with significant uproar as citizens expressed their disagreement with the reform, citing that by lowering the age of criminal liability, the Philippines will also be exposing children to a high risk of human rights abuses when they are convicted. With a justice system that can be highly manipulated, lowering the age of criminal liability does not only endanger the lives of children, but also further oppress the marginalized youth, who are, more often than not, pushed to commit petty crimes to survive.

Organizations and political groups called the reform irresponsible and pushed for the full implementation of the Philippine Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act instead. With juvenile support institutions still lacking budget and support from the government, lowering the age of criminal responsibility just means that the State has failed in their move to protect the youth from abuse and exploitation.

What Causes Juvenile Delinquency in the Philippines? (1)


What are the major causes of juvenile delinquency? ›

Family characteristics such as poor parenting skills, family size, home discord, child maltreatment, and antisocial parents are risk factors linked to juvenile delinquency (Derzon and Lipsey, 2000; Wasserman and Seracini, 2001).

What theory that best explain the juvenile delinquency cases in the Philippines? ›

Anomie Theory

Merton's theory explains that juvenile delinquency occurs because the juveniles do not have the means to make themselves happy. Their goals are unattainable within legal means so they find unlawful means by which to attain their goals.

What are the 10 factors towards juvenile delinquency? ›

Physical Factors
  • Developmental abnormalities. Developmental issues or genetic abnormalities can be a strong force in juvenile delinquency. ...
  • Poor sleep. ...
  • Food habits. ...
  • Physical ailments. ...
  • Dominance and egocentricism. ...
  • Mental abnormalities. ...
  • Conflicts. ...
  • Emotional instability.
Oct 26, 2018

Does the Philippines have juvenile detention? ›

The jailing of children in the Philippines is a significant problem. According to Amnesty International, over 50,000 children in the Philippines have been arrested and detained since 1995.

What are the 5 causes of youth crime? ›

Risk factors within close relationships (family, friends, intimate partners, and peers)
  • poor monitoring and supervision of children by parents.
  • harsh, lax or inconsistent parental disciplinary practices.
  • a low level of attachment between parents and children.
  • low parental involvement in children's activities.
Jun 8, 2020

What is juvenile justice system in the Philippines? ›

9344 or the “Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act” defines the Juvenile Justice and Welfare System as a system dealing with children at risk and children in conflict with the law, which provides child-appropriate proceedings, including programmes and services for prevention, diversion, reha- bilitation, re-integration and ...

Who implemented Juvenile Justice in the Philippines? ›

R.A. No. 9344 otherwise known as "Juvenile Justice and Welfare (JJW) Act" was signed into law by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on 28 April 2006.

What are the 2 theories of criminal law in the Philippines? ›

This article examines the differences between two competing theories of criminal law and punishment: retributivism and mixed instrumental-moral theorism.

What is the law that strengthen the juvenile justice system in the Philippines? ›

Republic Act No. 9344 is “An Act Establishing a Comprehensive Juvenile Justice and Welfare System, Creating the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Council under the Department of Justice, Appropriating Funds Therefor and For Other Purposes” or otherwise known as the “Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006”.

What is the root cause of delinquency? ›

Poor socio-economic status, indifferent attitude of parents, feelings of inferiority, lack of attention, and many other reasons can lead to various types of psychological issues in children and adolescents. For example, depression, fears, and complexes, excessive aggression, etc.

What are the three major causes of delinquency? ›

7 Factors Leading To Juvenile Delinquency
  • Violence At Home.
  • Lack Of Moral Guidance and Supervision.
  • Poor Educational Quality.
  • Poor School Performance.
  • Substance Abuse.
  • Peer Pressure.
  • Socioeconomic Factors.
  • Their Lives Just Started, Fight For Their Rights.
Aug 30, 2021

What is the most common juvenile offense? ›

Statistics indicate that theft is the most common juvenile offense.

What is the youngest age to go to jail in Philippines? ›

The current Juvenile Justice and Welfare Law, which sets the minimum age of criminal responsibility at 15, already holds children in conflict with the law accountable for their actions.

What age is minor in Philippines? ›

(c) "Child" refers to a person under the age of eighteen (18) years.

Can a 70 year old go to jail in the Philippines? ›

Thousands of senior citizens are incarcerated in the Philippines according to data from the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP) and Bureau of Corrections. Old age does not give anyone an instant pass to skip detention and jail time.

What are the 4 factors affecting juvenile delinquency? ›

A large number of individual factors and characteristics has been associated with the development of juvenile delinquency. These individual factors include age, gender, complications during pregnancy and delivery, impulsivity, aggressiveness, and substance use.

What are the 10 causes of crime in the Philippines? ›

  • Poverty.
  • Peer Pressure.
  • Drugs.
  • Politics.
  • Religion.
  • Background.
  • Society.
  • Unemployment.
Jan 11, 2022

How can we stop juvenile delinquency? ›

What are Effective Programs?
  1. Classroom and behavior management programs.
  2. Multi-component classroom-based programs.
  3. Social competence promotion curriculums.
  4. Conflict resolution and violence prevention curriculums.
  5. Bullying prevention programs.
  6. Afterschool recreation programs.
  7. Mentoring programs.
  8. School organization programs.

Is 17 a minor in Philippines? ›

Children who are below 18 years of age are considered MINORS in the Philippines. This is according to Republic Act No. 6809, signed December 13, 1989.

What are the 5 criminal justice system in the Philippines? ›

The Philippine criminal justice system is composed of five parts or pillars, namely, law enforcement, prosecution, judiciary, penology, and the community.

What is the criminal justice system here in the Philippines? ›

This system is composed of:the Law Enforcement, Prosecution, Court, Corrections and the Mobilized Community. Law Enforcement effects the arrest of those people who violated thelaw. TheProsecution considers thebackground to determinewhethertheperson arrested for violating a law should be prosecuted.

Where do juvenile delinquents go in the Philippines? ›

Juvenile delinquents, in accordance with the house bill, are subject to the custody of DSWD or any licensed both government and non-government agencies. A youth offender, once proven guilty, undergoes an extensive rehabilitation program.

Who are the youth according to Philippine laws? ›

According to the Youth in Nation-Building Act (1994), which created the National Youth Commission, the definition of youth is between 15-30 years.

Why should we lower the age of criminal responsibility in the Philippines? ›

The Philippines' current minimum age of 15 reflects modern best practice and is commended by the Committee. To divert children from pathways into crime and support their development, State authorities should focus on prosecuting those who exploit children, rather than their victims.

What are light felonies in the Philippines? ›

"Light felonies are those infractions of law or the commission of which the penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Forty thousand pesos (₱40,000) or both is provided."

What is the first criminal law in the Philippines? ›

History. When the Spanish colonizers conquered the Philippines, the Spanish Código Penal was made applicable and extended to the Philippines by Royal Decree of 1870. This was replaced with the old Penal Code which was put in place by Spanish authorities, and took effect in the Philippines on July 14, 1876.

What are the intervention programs for juvenile delinquents in the Philippines? ›

The Barangay Juvenile Intervention Program aims to educate barangay officials on how to properly handle minors who are at risk and in conflict with the law. The said program will also train the attendees on how create a multi-disciplinary action team at the barangay level.

What law in the Philippines promotes children's? ›

No. 7610 and other child-related criminal laws. All children in the Philippines and Filipino children elsewhere are protected from all forms of violence, abuse, exploitation and discrimination.

What are the laws in the Philippines that promote the rights of the child? ›

Child and Youth Welfare Code. Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children Act (Republic Act 9262) Child Protection Act (Republic Act No 7610) Juvenile Justice and welfare Act (republic Act 9344)

Why do children become delinquents? ›

Lack Of Moral Guidance

Parental or adult influence is the most important factor in deterring delinquency. When a parent or other adult interacts with the child and shows them what is acceptable behavior and what is considered wrong, the child is more likely to act in a way that is not delinquent.

Which is the social cause of juvenile delinquency? ›

Social causes of juvenile delinquency-

Among them, the major ones are – a) Family background. b)School environment. c)Criminal area. d)Bad company of friends.

What behaviors are associated with delinquency? ›

Some of the delinquent behaviors include theft, property damage, physical aggression, selling drugs, burglary, robbery, vandalism, and avoiding school (2), which could lead to poor educational performance, school absenteeism (3), escape from home (4), substance use, depression/anxiety, self-harm (5), and even increased ...

What are the 4 types of delinquent youth? ›

some degree to speak of different types of delinquency. Thus the material is first divided into four main groups, crimes against property, vagabondage, sexual misdemeanour, and general delinquency.

What happens if a child commits a crime in Philippines? ›

Republic Act No. 9344 indicates that children under 15 years of age cannot be held criminally liable, while children between 15 and 18 need to undergo intervention and rehabilitation after committing a crime.

Which country has the most juvenile crime? ›

Crime > Murders committed by youths: Countries Compared
3United States8,226
75 more rows

What is the longest a juvenile can be sentenced? ›

Juveniles who have been sentenced to youth detention are sent to a young offenders' institution. The maximum sentence for juveniles aged 16 or 17 is two years. For juveniles aged 12 to 15 the maximum is one year.

What is the oldest age for juvenile detention? ›

State juvenile courts with delinquency jurisdiction handle cases in which juveniles are accused of acts that would be crimes if adults committed them. In 47 states, the maximum age of juvenile court jurisdiction is age 17.

What is the legal age for marriage in Philippines and why? ›

Under the Family Code 1988, the legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for both girls and boys. Parental consent is required for persons under 21.

At what age does a child become morally responsible for his actions? ›

To the legal system, the answer is clear: children have the requisite moral sense--the ability to tell right from wrong--by age 7 to 15, depending on which state they live in, and so can be held responsible for their actions.

Is 18 years old legal in the Philippines? ›

Civil Code of the Philippines:Emancipation and Age of Majority (RA 6809) otherwise provided, majority commences at the age of eighteen years.”

Can a 14 year old go to jail in Philippines? ›

Under RA 9344, the minimum age of criminal liability is 15 years old. This means that those within the age of 15 to 18 years old may be detained in youth centers and go through rehabilitation programs while those under 15 years old are exempted from criminal liability but must undergo intervention.

Can minors own property in the Philippines? ›

Yes. But he/she must be represented by his/her parents or legal guardian, if his/her parents are already deceased.

What country has the lowest age consent? ›

Age of consent laws vary considerably worldwide. Most countries require young people to be at least 14 before having sex. But there are exceptions. Angola and the Philippines both set the age of consent at 12, which is the lowest in the world.

Do crimes expire in the Philippines? ›

Prescription of crime. — Crimes punishable by death, reclusion perpetua or reclusion temporal shall prescribe in twenty years. Crimes punishable by other afflictive penalties shall prescribe in fifteen years.

How long can you be held in jail without being charged Philippines? ›

If you're arrested without a warrant, you can only be detained for: 12 hours, for light offenses, which are punishable by light penalties. 18 hours, for less grave offenses, punishable by correctional penalties. 36 hours, for grave offenses, punishable by capital penalties.

How much is the bail for theft in the Philippines? ›

The Bail Amount in the Philippines depends on what the offence is and the offence's penalty. Bail is the maximum of the penalty multiplied by 2,000 for Theft or Qualified Theft up to 600,000. Bail is the maximum of the penalty multiplied by 6,000 for Theft or Qualified Theft over 600,000.

What are the main types of juvenile delinquency? ›

There are four main types of juvenile delinquency — individual, group-supported, organized and situational. Individual delinquency refers to one child committing an act on his or her own, with the argument that the delinquency is caused by family problems.

What are the causes and consequences of juvenile delinquency? ›

This may be because the juveniles develop psychological problems like rejection and low self-esteem, which may lead to delinquent behaviour. Other causes of psychological problems can be trauma and low self-esteem which are also linked to delinquency. These two can originate from sources outside the family.

What are the four types of delinquency? ›

The four forms are delinquency among immigrants and nomadic persons, delinquency linked with organized crime, delinquency committed by children under age 14, and crime and violence involving family and friends.

What are the solutions of juvenile delinquency? ›

The most effective programs for juvenile delinquency prevention share the following key components:
  • Education. ...
  • Recreation. ...
  • Community Involvement. ...
  • Prenatal and Infancy Home Visitation by Nurses. ...
  • Parent-Child Interaction Training Program. ...
  • Bullying Prevention Program. ...
  • Prevention Programs within the Juvenile Justice System.

How does poverty contribute to juvenile delinquency? ›

Minimizing the opportunity to hold a stable job that can improve the income of these youth can result in an increase in crime. Unable to pay for a stable lifestyle youth can commit offenses such as, burglary, robbery and drug violations.

Who is responsible for juvenile delinquency? ›

12. The Family. - The family shall be responsible for the primary nurturing and rearing of children which is critical in delinquency prevention. As far as practicable and in accordance with the procedures of this Act, a child in conflict with the law shall be maintained in his/her family.

Which is the social causes of juvenile delinquency? ›

Social causes of juvenile delinquency-

Among them, the major ones are – a) Family background. b)School environment. c)Criminal area. d)Bad company of friends.

What are juvenile delinquent behaviors? ›

Juvenile delinquency can include crimes ranging from disorderly conduct, minor theft, and vandalism, to car theft, burglary, assault, rape, and murder. In the United States and many other countries, drug use and trafficking increased sharply among teenagers in the late 1900s.

What are delinquent behaviors? ›

Delinquency. A delinquent act is a criminal act committed by a young person under the age of 16. Delinquent acts include drug offenses and crimes by young people against persons, property, and public order.


1. Tony, 13, before the Juvenile Justice Law of 2006
(Child Rights Network Philippines)
2. Juvenile justice system: Why teens commit crimes
3. Juvenile delinquency in the Philippines and R.A 9344
4. Hamog: A Rappler documentary
(Criminology Solutions Philippines)
6. Delinquency management: Causes of delinquency
(Vince Rapisura)
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